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How much do you know about the central grain reserve and the temporary grain storage of the city?


Central grain reserve and temporary grain storage are not the same concept. Central grain reserves are central strategic reserves and conventional reserves, which exist and operate for a long time. The so-called temporary storage of grain in support of the market is the grain (including rapeseed oil) formed by the state's implementation of the minimum purchase price policy and the temporary purchase and storage policy after 2005. The two are very different in management mode.
   The "Regulations on the Administration of Central Grain Reserves" were promulgated by the State Council in August 2003. At that time, there was no minimum purchase price and temporary purchasing and storage policies. Regarding the management policy of temporary storage of grain in the support of the city, it is stipulated by the national minimum purchase price and temporary purchase and storage implementation plan since 2005. The management mode of central grain reserve and the temporary grain storage of Tuoshi is different, which is reflected in three aspects:
   First, the function is different. The central grain reserve actually belongs to the central government's strategic reserve, and its scale is relatively stable, mainly to cope with emergency needs. The temporary storage of grain in the city is the grain formed by the state's implementation of the minimum protection price purchase policy in recent years.
   The second is that the operating system is different. The central grain reserve is operated and managed by China Grain Storage, with a high degree of unified responsibility and power, and 90% of it is stored in 346 China Grain Storage Depots across the country, and a small portion is stored locally. For temporary grain storage in Tuo City, a commissioned purchase and storage system is adopted. The commissioned depots are "commonly designated, jointly checked and accepted, jointly supervised, and jointly implemented policies" by the China Grain Reserve Branch, the provincial grain administrative department, and the Agricultural Development Bank's provincial branch. According to industry insiders, “China Grain is only entrusted by the state, and Party A, as the contract, has signed an entrusted acquisition and storage contract with local enterprises. More than 75% of the temporary storage of grain is stored in the hands of 13,000 local grain companies across the country, which is directly under China Grain. Dozens of times the library".
   The third is the different operating mechanism. In accordance with the "Regulations on the Management of Central Grain Reserves" and other regulations, China Grain Reserves is responsible for rotating 20%-30% of the central reserve grains every year. The operation is completely market-oriented. The central government finances China Grain Reserves Corporation in accordance with the prescribed standards. The enterprise operates independently. , Self-financing. According to the national minimum purchase price and provisional purchase and storage plan, the state will determine the price of grain purchases for market support and temporary storage. The relevant state departments will generally specify the auction time and organize the auction, and the financial will be responsible for the profit and loss.

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